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PLEASE VIEW FLYERS AT BOTTOM OF `ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTERS 1. PAGE.  THANKYOU

Association Newsletters.  2.

If you are not in receipt of the WFRA ENewsletter and have internet connection,please contact

RHQ Mercian Nottingham (rhqmercian.notts@btconnect.com) and we will send you the ENews update.

THE WORCESTERSHIRE AND SHERWOOD FORESTERS REGIMENTAL ASSOCIATION

Patron: HRH The Princess Royal
President: Brig P Dennis

............................................

ANT DOLBY FUNERAL DETAILS
 

From the family:

I would like to announce Anthony’s funeral has been arranged for Friday 30th April 2021. If the world was in a better place I am sure it would be a huge celebration of his life with so many people coming to say goodbye however, due to the current COVID regulations there can only be 30 people at his service. I understand this is hard for people who wish to pay their respects to my husband so if you wish to say goodbye to Anthony you can do so by lining the streets of the route he will take on his final journey. I do not wish to encourage a gathering under the current COVID restrictions so ask that you keep to social distancing rules and space yourselves out along the route.

This has been an extremely difficult decision for me and Annalise as Anthony has a large family and many many friends and whenever we spoke about wishes for our own funerals, he said he didn’t want a service or a fuss, but he has to understand that we loved him very much as did so many of you, so he only deserves the best as he would do for anyone else. Can I ask that you respect the current regulations and our wishes by not attending the actual service even if you find out where and when it is. It is to be a private service for those invited with a webcast for those who can’t attend. If you wish to see the service, via the webcast, a link can be sent by email to you so that you can view the funeral as it happens, please send your name and email address to dolbyfunerals@gmail.com. However, there is a limited capacity for people wanting to view the webcast, too many and it will crash. The link will be sent out on Thursday 29th April.

Can I also ask that you do not send floral tributes but instead make a donation in his memory to a variety of charities close to his heart via a just giving page – link to follow in another message.

For those who know where we live, can I please request you do not congregate on our street.

The Funeral Cortege will start on Sparken Hill to go up past the Lion Gates, turning left at the top of the road to go down past Hannah Park Cemetery, over the roundabout then onto Netherton Road, then turning right onto Waverley Way, turning right onto Cavendish Road to go past our old house, then turning left onto Edinburgh Road, then turning left back onto Cavendish Road to go past his old house he lived at with his parents, before returning onto Waverley Way and then back onto Netherton Road. Along Netherton Road we will be pausing outside Dolby Funeral Services before continuing to the end of Lowtown Street and turning right onto Retford Road. We will also be pausing for a moment at Manton Club which is where the route will finish for mourners to say goodbye.

Anthony’s final journey:
Sparken Hill up past the Lion gates 11:30
Past Hannah Park Cemetery 11:35
Top of Netherton Road 11:40
Waverley Way 11:45
Cavendish Road Top 11:50
Edinburgh Road 11:55
Cavendish Road Bottom 12:00
Netherton Road/ Lowtown Street 12:05 – 12:15
Retford Road 12:20
Manton Club 12:30

 

Thank you for your understanding and compassion towards our daughter and I. He was an amazing gentleman who will be sadly missed by many xxx

.........................

 25 April 2021     WFRA NEWSLETTER            Volume 12 Issue 18

001 ANZAC DAY

Anzac Day falls on the 25th of April each year. The 25th of April was officially named Anzac Day in 1916.

The term ANZAC was first used in North Africa where the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps were training prior to their deployment to the battlefront.  For the purpose of registering paperwork at their headquarters they had a rubber stamp marked A & NZAC.  When a codename was requested for the corps a British Officer Lieutenant White suggested ANZAC and this official designation has stuck to this day.
 
Why is this day special to Australians and New Zealanders
On the morning of 25 April 1915, the Anzacs set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula in order to open the Dardanelles to the allied navies. The objective was to capture Constantinople (now Istanbul in Turkey), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, and an ally of Germany. 

The Anzacs landed on Gallipoli and met fierce resistance from the Ottoman Turkish defenders. Their plan to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. 

At the end of 1915, the allied forces were evacuated. Both sides suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 12,000 Anzac soldiers were killed. News of the landing on Gallipoli and the events that followed had a profound impact on Australians and New Zealanders at home. The 25th of April soon became the day on which Australians and New Zealanders remember the sacrifice of those who had died in the war. 

The Anzacs were courageous and although the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives, the Australian and New Zealand actions during the campaign left us all a powerful legacy. 

What does Anzac Day mean today? 
With the coming of the Second World War, Anzac Day also served to commemorate the lives of Australians and New Zealanders who died in that war. The meaning of Anzac Day today includes the remembrance of all Australians and New Zealanders killed in military operations.

What happens on Anzac Day? 
Anzac Day remembrance takes two forms. Commemorative services are held at dawn, the time of the original landing in Gallipoli, across Australia and New Zealand. Later in the day, ex-servicemen and women meet to take part in marches through the major cities and in many smaller centres. Commemorative ceremonies are more formal and are held at war memorials. 

A typical Anzac Day ceremony may include the following features: an introduction, hymn, prayer, an address, laying of wreaths, a recitation, the Last Post, a period of silence, either the Rouse or the Reveille, and the national anthem. After the Memorial’s ceremony, families often place red poppies beside the names of relatives on the Memorial’s Roll of Honour, as they also do after Remembrance Day services. 

Rosemary is also traditionally worn on Anzac Day, and sometimes on Remembrance Day. Rosemary has particular significance for the Australians and New Zealanders as it is found growing wild on the Gallipoli peninsula. Since ancient times, this aromatic herb has been believed to have properties to improve the memory. 

The Anzac Biscuit 
During World War One, the friends and families of soldiers and community groups sent food to the fighting men. Due to the time delays in getting food items to the front lines, they had to send food that would remain edible, without refrigeration, for long periods of time that retained high nutritional value; the Anzac biscuit met this need. 

Although there are variations, the basic ingredients are: rolled oats, sugar, plain flour, coconut, butter, golden syrup or treacle, bi-carbonate of soda, and boiling water. 

The biscuit was first known as the Soldiers’ Biscuit. The current name, Anzac Biscuit, has as much to do with Australia’s desire to recognise the Anzac tradition and the Anzac biscuit as part of the staple diet at Gallipoli. 
The Anzac biscuit is one of the few commodities that are able to be legally marketed in Australia using the word ‘Anzac’, which is protected by Federal Legislation. 

Recipe for homemade Anzac biscuits

 

 
Very simple to make but quite delicious.  Well worth making at home as children can help.  It is said that they will last if kept in an airtight tin.  Not the case in our house as they are tested on Me.
 
Pre heated oven 180 degrees C or fan oven or 160 degrees C or gas mark 4
 
Equipment needed:            
                        Bowl
                        Scales
                        Small saucepan or microwavable container
                        Kettle
                        Mug or glass
                        Spoons:  tablespoon [tbsp] x 1 dessert spoons x 2 teaspoon [tsp] x 1
 
Ingredients:
            4 oz    [113g]  porridge oats
            4 oz     [113g]  desiccated coconut
            6 oz    [170g]  plain flour
            6 oz    [170g]  caster sugar
            6 oz    [170g]  unsalted butter
            3 tbsp [53ml]  golden syrup
            2 tsp   [12ml]  bicarbonate of soda
                                   a little extra butter for greasing the tin or parchment paper
                                               
Into the bowl place the oats, coconut, flour and sugar.  Melt the butter and syrup in the saucepan over a low heat, or in the microwave.
 
Bring the kettle to the boil dissolve the soda into 2 tbsp boiling water.  Make a well in the middle of the dry ingredients.  Add both liquids to the dry bowl and bring together using the table spoon so that all of the oats are completely covered.
 
Grease the baking tray or cover in parchment paper, using the two dessert spoons make piles of roughly equal size and leave about an inch [2.5cm] between each biscuit to allow them to spread while cooking.  If you want you can use the scales covered in cling film and weigh each biscuit so they are exactly the same size.  This does lead to uniform biscuits which does look nice if you are giving them away. 
 
Bake in the preheated oven for between 8 to 10 minutes.  Transfer to a wire cooling rack.  You can change the ingredients if you have a sweet tooth, add dried fruit or chocolate drops as you desire.  As I said earlier, apparently, they will last longer if kept in an airtight container!  As they don’t take long to make and cook so creating them on a regular basis is probably a nice idea. Enjoy them.

 

002 DEMENTIA ASSISTANCE REQUIRED

RHQ Nottingham have been contacted by an advocate who is supporting one of our veterans who has dementia; Michael J Whapples.  Michael has poor memory and difficulty in engaging however he becomes much more animated when talking about his army service.  The advocate is asking that if anyone served with Michael, that they could share some stories or tell of places that he served, so that he can use them in his work with his client.  He is also asking for any small item memorabilia as this can also be used to aid discussion.  The only details that RHQ hold are the following so it is hoped that you can fill in the gaps to help the advocate, help Michael.

24117353 Private Michael J Whapples.  His address on joining was Needwood, Staffordshire.  He served in the Worcestershire Regiment prior to amalgamation to the WFR and discharged from the army on 21 March 1976. Any information or memorabilia can be sent to:

Mr MJ Whapples
c/o 4 Cliffe Court
Welton
Lincoln
LN2 3LW

 

003 TRENCH TALK

Words from the trenches of WW1.

Periscopes
To look over the parapet during daylight hours was thought of as madness as the enemy had many snipers with the rifles pointed at low points , loop holes and crossing points.  From early in the war there was a need to see over no man's land without taking the risk of being shot.  Some were expensive specialist optical instruments made of brass but others were wooden boxes fitted with angled mirrors that allowed you to see over the top whilst in the relative safety of your trench.

Trench Knives.  
With an overall length of 21 3/4 inches the 1907 bayonet was considered too long to be effective in close quarter fighting.  Whilst the French, Germans and Americans were issued with shorter fighting knives.  The British soldiers had to either  buy their own or fashion one from any suitable piece of metal that could hold a sharp edge.

Trench Clubs
Away from the open battlefield and into the nightmare of hand to hand combat in the restricted trench systems it was difficult to wield a rifle with a fixed bayonet.  So where an element of surprise was needed a heavy wooden club found favour.  These were not issued but fashioned by the men out of suitable pieces of wood and often had nails sticking out of them or barbed wire wrapped round one end to inflict as much damage to the enemy as possible.  

 

004 ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY

1607 – Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
1707 – A coalition of Britain, the Netherlands and Portugal is defeated by a Franco-Spanish army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
1792 – "La Marseillaise" (the French national anthem) is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.
1846 – Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican–American War.
1862 – American Civil War: Forces under U.S. Admiral David Farragut demand the surrender of the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Marks' Mills.
1882 – French and Vietnamese troops clashed in Tonkin, when Commandant Henri Rivière seized the citadel of Hanoi with a small force of marine infantry.
1898 – Spanish–American War: The United States declares war on Spain.
1915 – World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli begins: The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by British, French, Indian, Newfoundland, Australian and New Zealand troops, begins with landings at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles.
1916 – Anzac Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at ANZAC Cove.
1920 – At the San Remo conference, the principal Allied Powers of World War I adopt a resolution to determine the allocation of Class "A" League of Nations mandates for administration of the former Ottoman-ruled lands of the Middle East.
1945 – Elbe Day: United States and Soviet troops meet in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in two.
1945 – Liberation Day (Italy): The Nazi occupation army surrenders and leaves Northern Italy after a general partisan insurrection by the Italian resistance movement; the puppet fascist regime dissolves and Benito Mussolini is captured after trying to escape. This day was set as a public holiday to celebrate the Liberation of Italy.
1945 – United Nations Conference on International Organization: Founding negotiations for the United Nations begin in San Francisco.
1945 – The last German troops retreat from Finland's soil in Lapland, ending the Lapland War. Military acts of Second World War end in Finland.
1951 – Korean War: Assaulting Chinese forces are forced to withdraw after heavy fighting with UN forces, primarily made up of Australian and Canadian troops, at the Battle of Kapyong.
1960 – The United States Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
1972 – Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive: The North Vietnamese 320th Division forces 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.
1974 – Carnation Revolution: A leftist military coup in Portugal overthrows the authoritarian-conservative Estado Novo regime and establishes a democratic government.
1975 – As North Vietnamese forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost ten years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
1982 – Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula per the Camp David Accords.
1983 – Cold War: American schoolgirl Samantha Smith is invited to visit the Soviet Union by its leader Yuri Andropov after he read her letter in which she expressed fears about nuclear war.
1988 – In Israel, John Demjanjuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.

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 16 April 2021          WFRA NEWSLETTER      Volume 12 Issue 17

001 VETERANS MESS TENT

Come and talk to other like minded veterans about everyday things.  Hobbies, sports, families or pets what ever you want to talk about bring it up and lets talk over a brew.

To receive the link please email mark@forces.org.uk.

Don't stand alone, stand united Veterans Mess Tent every Tuesday 11:30 hrs live on Zoom.

 

002 STRETCHER RAILINGS
 

Many housing estates throughout London are surrounded by black steel and mesh railings with peculiar notches around the edges. Although at first glance they appear to be some quirky architectural design, the notches have a purpose or rather, had a purpose. These steel railings originally functioned as stretchers used to carry the wounded during the Second World War. The curves or the notches you see were the legs upon which the stretchers were laid on the ground. After the war was over many of these stretchers were repurposed to replace fencing that were lost in the war.
 


 

In the months leading up to the war in 1939, the UK government produced more than 600,000 stretchers at plants located in Hertfordshire and the West Midlands. The stretchers had a steel frame supporting a wire mesh; steel was chosen so that the stretchers could be easily cleaned and disinfected from germs, dirt and blood. The two notches on either end of the poles allowed the stretchers to be rested on the ground but still be picked up quickly and easily. Unfortunately, the stretchers were terribly uncomfortable and many volunteers from the Civil Defence Service, who were carried on these stretchers, complained of the hardness and discomfort.

After the war, the UK was left with a huge stockpile of stretchers that needed to be put to use, or recycled. As it happened, many estates in Britain’s cities had lost their perimeter fencing as these were removed and melted down to manufacture ammunition, tanks and other weaponry for the war. Then someone had this bright idea of welding together these stretchers and creating fences out of them.

These so-called “stretcher fences” can be found at many localities around London such as Peckham, Brixton, Deptford, Oval and East London. The metal structures were also used in other cities such as Leeds and also in Scotland, but they are most prominent in south and east London.

Many of the surviving railings today are in poor condition. Others were removed by local authorities due to increasing degradation. The newly formed Stretcher Railing Society believes that these railings are an important part of Britain’s heritage and needs to be preserved.

 

003 TRENCH TALK

Words from the trenches of WW1.

Wipers Express
During the second battle of Ypres in April / May 1915 the Germans brought into play a powerful field gun which fired a 420mm shell.  The shell sounded like a passing express train as it passed overhead hence the nickname Wipers Express.


Barrage
Barrage is the term for concentrated artillery fire on an enemy position.  Originally French in origin the word means baring the way.  There are six main types of barrage.
1: Preliminary - Bombardment of the enemy lines prior to an attack.
2: Straight - Where the gun barrels are lifted progressively at intervals to give greater distance.
3: Lifting - Similar to the straight barrage but with concentrated fire on strong points.
4: Piled up - Where the gun barrels are lifted until the enemy trench is hit and then fire power is concentrated there.
5: Creeping or Rolling - Where the barrage line moves forward at set intervals.
6: Box - Where an area is isolated with curtains of gunfire for prevent reinforcement.  

Lifting
A word meaning to steal.  In the trenches there was a very fine line between using and stealing.  Pinching was a similar term which had been in use since the 1670's and it's rhyming slang version half inching since 1914.  Other terms for stealing in the trenches were knocking off and souveniring.  

ANZAC
This term was first used in North Africa where the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps were training prior to their deployment to the battlefront.  For the purpose of registering paperwork at their headquarters they had a rubber stamp marked A & NZAC.  When a codename was requested for the corps a British Officer Lieutenant White suggested ANZAC and this official designation has stuck to this day.

 

004 ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY

1746 – The Battle of Culloden is fought between the French-supported Jacobites and the British Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland.  After the battle many highland traditions were banned and the Highlands of Scotland were cleared of inhabitants.
1799 – French Revolutionary Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor: Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1862 – American Civil War: Battle at Lee's Mills in Virginia.
1862 – American Civil War: The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, a bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law.
1863 – American Civil War: During the Vicksburg Campaign, gunboats commanded by acting Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter run downriver past Confederate artillery batteries at Vicksburg.
1917 – Vladimir Lenin returns to Petrograd, Russia, from exile in Switzerland.
1919 – Polish–Soviet War: The Polish army launches the Vilna offensive to capture Vilnius in modern Lithuania.
1922 – The Treaty of Rapallo, pursuant to which Germany and the Soviet Union re-establish diplomatic relations, is signed.
1941 – World War II: The Italian-German Tarigo convoy is attacked and destroyed by British ships.
1941 – World War II: The Nazi-affiliated Ustaše is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis powers after Operation 25 is effected.
1944 – World War II: Allied forces start bombing Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter.
1945 – World War II: Dutch town of Arnhem, site of failed Operation Market Garden, is freed by British and Canadian forces
1945 – World War II: The Red Army begins the final assault on German forces around Berlin, with nearly one million troops fighting in the Battle of the Seelow Heights.
1945 – The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz).
1945 – More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship Goya is sunk by a Soviet submarine.
1947 – Bernard Baruch first applies the term "Cold War" to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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09 April 2021       WFRA NEWSLETTER        Volume 12 Issue 16

OBITUARY

It is with sadness that I report the death of 24721794 L/Cpl Anthony Dolby.  Anthony was born on 22 September 1968 and Enlisted with 1WFR in 1985 and left in 1989.

Funeral details to follow when known.

001 BANTAM REGIMENTS

A bantam, in British Army usage, was a soldier of below the British Army's minimum regulation height of 5ft 3in (160 cm)

During the First World War, the British Army raised battalions in which the normal minimum height requirement for recruits was reduced from 5ft 3in (160 cm) to 5ft (150 cm). This enabled shorter but healthy young men to enlist.


Bantam units enlisted from industrial and coal-mining areas where short stature was no sign of weakness. The name derives from the town of Bantam in Indonesia, from which a breed of small domestic fowl allegedly originated. Bantamweight was a weight category in boxing that had originated in the 1880s and had produced many notable boxers.

The first bantam battalions were recruited in Birkenhead, Cheshire, after Alfred Bigland, MP, heard of a group of miners who, rejected from every recruiting office, had made their way to the town. One of the miners, rejected on account of his size, offered to fight any man there as proof of his suitability as a soldier, and six men were eventually called upon to remove him. Bantam applicants were men used to physical hard work, and Bigland was so incensed at what he saw as the needless rejection of spirited healthy men that he petitioned the War Office for permission to establish an undersized fighting unit.

When the permission was granted, news spread across the country and men previously denied the chance to fight made their way to Birkenhead, 3,000 successful recruits being accepted for service into two new "Bantam battalions" in November 1914. The requirement for their height was between 4ft 10in (147 cm) and 5ft 3in (160 cm). Chest size was one inch (2.5 cm) more than the army standard.

The men became local heroes, with the local newspaper, The Birkenhead News, honouring the men of the 1st and 2nd Birkenhead Battalions of the Cheshires with enamel badges - "BBB" - "Bigland's Birkenhead Bantams". Soon renamed the 15th and 16th Battalions, Cheshire Regiment, they undertook gruelling training and served in some of the hardest-fought battles of the war, such as the Battle of Arras in 1917. Another bantam battalion was the 14th Battalion (West of England), the Gloucestershire Regiment, raised in 1915 and sent to France in 1916. Eventually two whole divisions, the 35th and the 40th, were formed from "Bantam" men, who were virtually annihilated during the Battle of Bourlon. Heavy casualties, transfers to specialized Army tunneling companies and tank regiments, the introduction of conscription, and replacements by taller men, eventually led to Bantam units becoming indistinguishable from other British divisions.

002 BEACONS OF HOPE AWARDS

The Derbyshire Beacons of Hope Awards, are to recognise many people in Derby and Derbyshire who have done amazing things for their community and neighbours during the Covid pandemic. Nominations have to be made online via the Derby City Council or Derbyshire County Council websites where there are more details.  The nomination period ends on the 14th May 2021.

Links to the websites are:

https://www.derbyshire.gov.uk/council/news-events/beacon-of-hope-awards/derbyshire-beacon-of-hope-awards.aspx

https://www.derby.gov.uk/council-and-democracy/councillors-democracy-elections/mayor-of-derby/derbyshire-beacon-of-hope-awards/

003 TRENCH TALK

Words from the trenches of WW1.

Chokey
Chokey is an old slang word meaning prison.  It is derived from the Hindi word Chauki which means a shed that has become a watch house or lock up. 


Hookem
Used in  the phrase 'That's the hookem' meaning that's the rules.  Hookem was derived from the Hindi word Hukam which means order.

Kamerad
A word meaning comrade was used by German soldiers at the point of surrender in the hope that it would gain them some favourable treatment from their captors

Pip, Squeak and Wilfred
Pip Squeak and Wilfred were cartoon characters and the names were us as nicknames that were given to the Campaign Medal Group 1914 - 15 Star, War Medal and Victory Medal 

Identity Discs
Identity discs were not always part of a soldiers kit.  Initially a pay book was considered enough to confirm a soldiers identity.  Now known as dog tags due to the similarity with the metal discs used by pet owners to identify their pets.  A single aluminium disc with the soldiers details stamped onto it was added as a supplement to the pay book.  In 1914 this was replaced by a single red fibre disc and in 1916 a two disc system came into being.  A green disc to stay with the body and a red one to be removed.  This earned them the grim nickname of cold meat tickets.

 

004 ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY

1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England. 
1782 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of the Saintes begins.
1784 – The Treaty of Paris, ratified by the United States Congress on January 14.1784, is ratified by King George III of the Kingdom of Great Britain, ending the American Revolutionary War. Copies of the ratified documents are exchanged on May 12, 1784.
1865 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the war.
1916 – World War I: The Battle of Verdun: German forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
1916 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20000 rifles to assist Irish Republicans. Captain Karl Spindeltr changes the name of the ship to The Aud to avoid detection by the British Navy.
1917 –  The Battle of Arras: The battle begins with Canadian Corps executing a massive assault on Vimy Ridge. ·
1918 – The Battle of the Lys: The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps is crushed by the German forces during what is called the Spring Offensive on the Belgian region of Flanders.
1937 – The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London. It is the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.
1940 – Operation Weserübung: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
1940 – Vidkun Quisling seizes power in Norway.
1942 – The Battle of Bataan ends. An Indian Ocean raid by Japan's 1st Air Fleet sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and the Australian destroyer HMAS Vampire.
1945 – Execution of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, anti-Nazi dissident and spy, by the Nazi regime.
1945 – The German heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer is sunk by the Royal Air Force.
1945 – The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.
1981 – The U.S. Navy nuclear submarine USS George Washington accidentally collides with the Nissho Maru, a Japanese cargo ship, sinking it.
1999 – Kosovo War: The Battle of Košare begins.
2003 – Iraq War: Baghdad falls to American forces.

..................................................

 02 April 2021        WFRA NEWSLETTER         Volume 12 Issue 15

OBITUARY
MAJOR MARK H L FARRANT

It is with sadness that we inform you of the death of Major Mark H L FARRANT on 19 February 2021 aged 94.  Mark left Eton as an Officer Cadet in 1944 and joined the Royal Welch Fusiliers, he transferred to the Cheshire Regiment before joining the Sherwood Foresters Territorial Force on 24 August 1953 as a Lt and he reached the rank of Capt on 1 November 1956.  It is believed that he then moved to the Suffolk Regiment and the Duke of Cornwall Regiment and would have been promoted to Major during this time.  It is believed that he served until the 1960’s when he was discharged after losing the majority of his hearing in a live fire accident when he was OC of a Weapons Support Company in either Bovington or Warminster. 
Anyone that has any information regarding Major Farrant’s military service is asked to contact the Assistant Regimental Secretary who will pass it onto the family and museum

OBITUARY

It is with great sadness I have to inform you that Elaine Harrison wife of Csgt Ian 'H' Harrison sadly passed away on the peacefully in her sleep on 14th February, she served with Ian in the 1st Bn form 1979 to 2003 where she was a very popular member of the regimental family.  Due to the Covid restrictions limited family were allowed to attend the funeral however the family intend to hold a small service of remembrance once the restrictions are lifted.

001 BADAJOZ DAY 2021

Due to the current Covid - 19 restriction there will be no Badajoz Day events being held in Nottingham this year.

 

002 50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FORMATION OF 3WFR

This week marks the 50th Anniversary of the formation of the 3rd (Volunteer) Battalion, The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29th/45th Foot).  The battalion was the first volunteer battalion of the new regiment, until it was disbanded in 1999 following the reorganisation of the TA, but its lineage would continue in the new East of England Regiment, and today in the Mercian Regiment.
 
Formation
In 1971, the Territorial Army was in the process of expansion following a massive reduction in 1967. As part of the expansion, the newly formed Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment was to see the formation of a TA battalion based in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Therefore, on 1 April 1971 the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Battalion (Volunteers) was formed, but shortly thereafter redesignated as the 3rd (Volunteer) Battalion, Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters. The new battalion had the following structure on formation:
 
Battalion Headquarters, in Newark-on-Trent.
Administrative Platoon, in Newark-on-Trent.
A (Sherwood Rangers) Squadron, in Retford (from cadre of the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry).
B (South Nottinghamshire Hussars) Battery, in Beeston (from cadre of the South Nottinghamshire Hussars Yeomanry (Royal Horse Artillery), Royal Artillery).
C (Derbyshire Foresters) Company, in Derby (from cadre of the Derbyshire Battalion, Sherwood Foresters), and later a platoon in Chesterfield.
D (Robin Hood Foresters) Company, in Nottingham (from cadre of the Robin Hood Battalion, Sherwood Foresters).
E (Nottinghamshire Foresters) Company, in Newark-on-Trent with a platoon in Worksop (from cadre of The Nottinghamshire Battalion, Sherwood Foresters), later consolidated in Worksop.

Cold War
On 1 April 1975, as part of the general reorganisation of the TA, and a consequence of the 1974 Defence White Paper, B (SNH) Battery in Beeston was disbanded and personnel absorbed into D (Nottinghamshire Foresters) Coy. At the same time, A (Sherwood Rangers) Sqn was redesignated as a 'Company', and moved to Mansfield, while retaining a detachment in Retford.
 
In 1977, the battalion went through another reorganisation: new B (Leicestershire and Derbyshire Yeomanry) Coy formed in Sutton-in-Ashfield and Ilkeston from elements of the Leicestershire and Derbyshire Yeomanry Sqn, 7th (V) Btn, Royal Anglian Regiment. Though this company wasn't officially formed until 1 April 1978.
 
On 1 March 1980 Headquarters Company was finally established on the bases of the Administrative Platoon, and elements of D (Robin Hood Foresters) Coy.
 
In 1984, as part of the 1981 Defence White Paper, the 'Home Service Force' was formed, which maintained a company in every TA battalion/regiment by 1992. This new force was tasked with defending important locations and would be made up of mostly retired TA or Regular Army personnel. Therefore, on 1 January 1985, F (Nottinghamshire Home Service Force) formed in Workshop, Mansfield, and Nottingham, while G (Derbyshire Home Service Force) Company was formed in Derby and Chesterfield.
 
By 1989, the battalion was assigned to the 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade which was tasked with Home Defence, guarding the North Eastern/Eastern Ports in the event of mobilisation.  The battalion's structure by this point was as follows:
 
Battalion Headquarters, in Newark-on-Trent.
Headquarters Company, in Newark-on-Trent.
A (Sherwood Rangers) Company, in Mansfield with detachment in Retford.
B (Leicestershire and Derbyshire Yeomanry) Company, in Sutton-in-Ashfield and Ilkeston.
C (Derbyshire Foresters) Company, in Derby with a platoon in Chesterfield.
D (Robin Hood Foresters) Company, in Nottingham.
E (Nottinghamshire Foresters) Company, in Worksop.
F (Nottinghamshire Home Service Force) Company formed in Workshop, Mansfield, and Nottingham.
G (Derbyshire Home Service Force) Company was formed in Derby and Chesterfield.
 
The Nineties
In 1992, as part of the Options for Change reform announced following the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, the battalion was reduced to a three company order of battle, thereby bringing it in-line with the Regular's infantry battalions. In addition to the above company changes, the Home Service Force was disbanded, and F and G Companies soon followed suite. In addition, Headquarters Company moved to Nottingham from redesignation of D (Robin Hood Foresters) Company, while the GPMG (SF) Platoon was in Mansfield, and the old HQ Company disbanded. Also, B Coy in Sutton-in-Ashfield was absorbed into B Squadron of the Royal Yeomanry.
 
Following this reorganisation, the battalion's structure was as follows:
 
Battalion Headquarters, in Newark-on-Trent.
Headquarters Company, in Nottingham with the GPMG (SF) Platoon in Mansfield.
A Company, in Mansfield with platoon in Newark-on-Trent (from amalgamation of HQ and A Coys).
B Company, in Workshop with platoon in Chesterfield (from amalgamation of E Coy and Chesterfield platoon of C Coy).
C Company, in Derby with platoon in Ilkeston (from merger of C Coy and detachment of B Coy).

Disbandment
In 1998, the Territorial Army was again reduced, this time with an emphasis on the reduction of the infantry and expansion of the armoured (yeomanry) and royal artillery (air defence elements). As part of the review, new 'Territorial Regiments' were formed, all of which were one battalion in strength and had home defence roles. One of the new regiments was the East of England Regiment which was formed through the amalgamation of the remaining three battalions in the East Midlands/East of England: 6th (V) Btn and 7th (V) Btn, Royal Anglian Regiment, and the 3rd (V) Btn, Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters.
 
Therefore, on 1 July 1999 the battalion was disbanded with A Company, less the Newark-on-Trent detachment and C Company, less the Ilkeston detachment amalgamated to form D (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire (Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment)) Company of the new regiment. While the remainder of the companies either disbanded or re-roled. The new company was now based in Mansfield with a platoon in Derby.
 
Further Lineage
In 2003, as part of the Delivering Security in a Changing World White Paper, the old style 'one-battalion regiments' were all, with the exception of the Guards Division, into new 'large regiments', all made up of more than one regular battalion, and a TA battalion.  As the Royal Anglian Regiment maintained two battalions, it was unaffected by the changes, however it gained a new TA battalion for the first time since 1999, this being the new 3rd (Volunteer) Battalion, Royal Anglian Regiment. Therefore, on 1 April 2006, the East of England Regiment was redesignated as the 3rd (V) Battalion, Royal Anglian Regiment as the Notts and Derby’s didn't have any linkage with the Royal Anglian’s, the company was separated and joined the West Midlands Regiment, while the Derby platoon was disbanded.
 
On 1 April 2006, B (Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment) and D (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire (Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment)) Company were amalgamated as C (Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters) Company in Mansfield, thus ending the lineage.

003 TRENCH TALK

Words from the trenches of WW1.

Kitchener Blue
The first recruits in Kitchener's Army has very little in the way of clothing or equipment and often trained in there own clothing with broom handles.  As a temporary measure uniforms were supplied in blue serge material but this was unsatisfactory and changed to Khaki before they travelled overseas.

The Bing Boys
The Bing Boys referred to a popular London Theatre Revue  The Bing Boys Are Here, which featured the song 'If you were the only boy in the world'.  The Bing Boys or alternatively the Byng Boys was chosen by the men as a nickname for General Julian Byng's Third Army who were instrumental in stemming the flow of the last German offensive in 1918. 

Coal Box
A coal box was a nickname given to a very large German high explosive shrapnel bomb which would burst in mid air with a thick black cloud of smoke and a whizzing sound like a Catherine Wheel.

Pip Squeak
A pip squeak was a type of high velocity artillery shell and its nickname comes from the sound that it made when discharged and during flight.

In The Pink
The term in the pink is a term used to describe the apex of achievement.  It dates back to the sixteenth century and was used by William Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet in 1597.  In the early twentieth century it had become commonly associated with the pink of condition and it was used in this context by soldier's who were writing letters home to wives and girlfriends.

 

004 ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY

1801 - In the Battle of Copenhagen, Admiral Horatio Nelson (born at Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk) put his telescope to his blind eye and ignored Admiral Parker's signal to stop fighting. He then turned to his flag captain, Thomas Foley, and said "You know, Foley, I have only one eye. I have a right to be blind sometimes." He raised the telescope to his blind eye, and said "I really do not see the signal.  He continued to fight until the Danish fleet was defeated.

1917  - President Woodrow Wilson tells Congress "The world must be made safe for democracy." asking Congress for a declaration of war and to send U.S. troops into battle against Germany in World War I .

1921 - The IRA took delivery of their first consignment of ‘Tommy’ guns. Some say that the nickname comes from their potential targets, British ‘Tommies’, but the name Tommy Gun is more likely to be derived from its American creator General John T. Thompson. The guns were developed for him with the assistance of Oscar Payne and Theodore Eickhoff of Hartford, Connecticut.

1941 - Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel, "The Desert Fox," resumes his advance into Cyrenaica, modern-day Libya, signalling the beginning of what nine days later will become the recapture of Libya by the Axis forces.

1946 – The Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst was founded.

1975 – Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from Quảng Ngãi Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

1982 - Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic, a British possession for 149 years. The British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force. The resulting conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14th June 1982, which returned the islands to British control. During the Falklands conflict the Royal Navy requisitioned more vessels registered in Hull than from any other British port.

2007 - Argentina renews its claim over the Falkland Islands on the 25th anniversary of their 1982 invasion. The Argentine Vice-President Daniel Scioli has said that "the Malvinas are Argentine, they always were, they always will be." The Malvinas is the Spanish name for the islands. He has urged Britain to resume talks on the island's sovereignty. The vast majority of the islanders consider themselves British. The island's first settlers were French and English, and these predate the origin of Argentina.

..............................................


 VETERANS SUPPORT
The following are available to support veterans and their families who may be experiencing mental health difficulties;

Forcesline Tel: 0800 731 4880 (between 9am and 5pm Monday-Friday)
Combat Stress (24 hours)
Veterans and their families; Tel: 0800 138 1619
Serving personnel and their families; Tel: 0800 323 4444
Samaritans (24 hours); Tel: 116 123


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